RPA Vs Test Automation

RPA Vs Test Automation

23 June 2022

The world today has witnessed a major technological revolution with companies trying to implement the latest advancements to improve their business processes and offer a seamless user experience. Automation has been a great addition to technological advancements that has considerably reduced time, cost, and effort across industries and helped them streamline the process, increase productivity, and improve ROI. Automation in testing sector has gained immense popularity with two common automation methods namely RPA and test automation which has significant impact on businesses.

Test automation and RPA, both may appear similar, as they are used in highly dynamic and constantly evolving modern day industries that are looking for stable, scalable, and responsive solutions to streamline the process and achieve accuracy; however, they have significant differences, let us understand the two in detail.

What is test automation? Why is it significant?

Test automation is the process to automate the creation, execution, and maintenance of test records. Generally, codeless test automation is implemented to overcome the time-consuming and inefficient manual test automation and speed up the development cycle, increase efficiency, reduce time to market, and decrease the regression burden. It has the capability to automate multiple process all at the same time, hence, reducing considerably on time, cost, and effort.

Test automation is suitable for highly complex and dynamic industries to improve the quality of the app with reduced time and increased accuracy. Some of the prominent reasons to choose test automation are:

  • Codeless approach
  • Reduces time and cost
  • Executes multiple tests at the same time
  • Improves efficiency
  • Offers accuracy and consistency
  • Supports continuous testing
  • Increases productivity

Test automation is performed using test automation tools, and the market is brimming with a diverse range of such tools. It is important to choose the right one that suits your requirements the best. These tools take the hassle of manually testing the applications and ensures that the no-code approach make the whole process a breeze.

What is RPA? How do industries benefit from RPA?

RPA, also known as Robotic Process Automation, is the process that mimics the human behavior and automates repetitive tasks to achieve high accuracy. It is integrated with advanced processes like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) to deliver quality at speed. It improves the process agility and reduces complexity by automating the repetitive process and reducing the occurrence of errors that can be otherwise caused due to its mundane nature when performed manually.

RPA automates the business processes that are repetitive and usually prone to errors. It ensures that the process runs 24/7 which is otherwise not possible by human beings, and makes sure that all the business processes are executed in an uninterrupted manner to deliver desired outcomes without human intervention.

How test automation differs from RTA?

The prominent differences between test automation and RPA are listed as below:

Test Automation RPA
Test automation is used to automate repetitive test cases RPA is used to automate repetitive, mundane, and complex business processes
Script-based test automation requires programming skills, however, scriptless test automation doesn’t need programming skills. Coding is essential to setup the process No programming skills are required
Test automation is implemented to test a particular product or feature RPA can be used to automate any business process
Test automation can automate only test cases RPA can be used to automate any business process
Test automation improves efficiency and accuracy while reducing cost and turnaround time RPA minimizes the human effort and saves a considerable amount of time by working round-the-clock
Test automation can be implemented on the software or application used to test them RPA can be implemented across a wide range of business processes and software environment
Test automation can execute only the test cases and codes available RPA is integrated with AI; hence, it mimics human behavior and operates on logical reasoning
Test automation tools are designed to assess and check if the application is performing as per the given specification RPA automate the target process to achieve the expected business outcomes

Test automation or RPA, which one to choose?

Test automation and RPA are often confused to be the same, however, there are significant differences as listed above. Now the question is which one you should choose for your process? Test automation is used to execute multiple test cases while RPA for automating repetitive cycles, hence, the chose should be made on individual requirements.

RPA can be used to ease the complex, mundane, and repetitive business processes which otherwise can lead to multiple errors due to manual intervention. Conversely, test automation can be performed for testing software to ensure their quality is high. Test automation is preferred by organizations to automate their testing process and conduct frequent regressions to ensure the system is working as expected. If one is looking for an efficient software testing solution, test automation is the ideal choice, while for the one looking for automating repetitive mundane business tasks, RPA is the go-for.

Tenjin Online – Test automation solution for web and mobile apps

If you are looking for the perfect test automation solutions for testing web and mobile apps, Tenjin Online is for you. It’s a simple, efficient, codeless, SaaS-based solution to efficiently test web, Android, and iOS application with utmost ease. Try out this revolutionary tool to improve the quality of the app which will eventually improve business returns. Further, pre-integrated JIRA and Device Farms make the test tracking and management more easy. JIRA makes the defect tracking and management easy and efficient, while Device Farms like BrowserStack and SauceLabs provide access to a wide range of devices on Cloud.


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